Mitral Control device aka Bicuspid Valve
Human Anatomy & Physiology II
The left atrioventricular valve, with two cusps, is called the mitral control device because it appears like the two-sided bishops miter or cap. It is occasionally called the biscuspid valve. (Marieb & Hoehn, 2007). This control device separates the left vorhof des herzens of the heart from the left ventricle of the heart. It prevents the back movement of oxygenated blood to the pulmonary routine.
Heart valves are basic devices, plus the heart – like any mechanical pump – can function with " leaky” valves as long as the impairment is not really too great. However , severe valve deformities can seriously hamper cardiac function. (Marieb & Hoehn, 2007). The mitral valve (bicuspid valve) can be substituted successfully by means of surgical involvement. New research is being created to industrial engineer tissue grown from the patient's own cells to replace the defective mitral valve.
Barik, Ramachandra, Patnaik, A. And., Mishra, Ramesh C., Kumari, N. Ramal, Gulati, A. S., (2012). A tetrad of bicuspid aortic valve association: A single stage repair. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Exploration Vol. 3/No. 2: 146-146
The authors qualifications include the Office of Cardiology, Nizam's Commence of Medical Sciences, Hyderbad, India. Cardiovascular system surgery of any kind is a fragile procedure. Treatment was performed for multiple disorders from the heart and circulation. The individual presented with a variety of both inborn and bought cardiac flaws. The analysis included congenital bicuspid aortic valve, aortic regurgitation juxta-subclavian coarctation, stenosis of the kept subclavian artery and ruptured sinus of the valsalva aneurysm. This combination of defects is incredibly rare. The person was destabilized by the seriousness of the flaws and the multiple disorders. It was decided to conduct the further procedure in one surgery. The surgery was performed for this patient with out complications. Management of this form of cardiac malocclusions is always questionable and with potential consequences. This particular case was good and the individual recovered with no consequence. Therefore, the congenital bicuspid valve in an problem that can be remedied. Given right diagnosis and treatment, heart valve pathology can be cured. Although success vary due to individual situations, but with new technology, success rates continue to maximize. Yuan, Shi-Min, Jing, Hua, (2010). Bicuspid aortic device and aortic dilation: The current understanding. The Authors of Surgical Practice 2010 College of Doctors of Hk (14) 140-146. Doi: 15. 1111/j. 1744-1633. 2010. 00516. x The authors credentials include the Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Jingling Hospital, School of Medical Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Region, China. The bicuspid aortic valve is one of the most common inborn heart disorders affecting 1-2% of the inhabitants. Individuals with bicuspid aortic device tend to develop ascending aortic dilation and they are believed to be by high risk for aortic rupture and dissection. (Yuan & Jing, 2010). The authors as opposed research content relating to the bicuspid aortic valve and the etiologies on the basis of clinical observations and basic research. They in comparison the data and analyzed the results. Following much assessment in benefits, the creators concluded the bicuspid aortic valve may include two pathogenetic factors, haemodynamic and genetic. " Each of them may in turn dominate in different clinical pictures or anatomical varieties. The presence of medial degeneration, stretchy fragmentation and changes in soft muscle skin cells was discovered to be much more severe in patients having a bicuspid aortic valve than those with tricuspid aortic valve. ”. (Yang, Jing, 2010). In conclusion, there are plenty of various activates for the development of bicuspid aortic valve. " Extracellular matrix dysregulation and cell fatality pathways happen to be regarded as crucial molecular mechanisms of...