Will Fracking Suffocate Earth?!
College student Name: Pang Jian Jie (JJ)
Student Number: 21373411
Tutorial Day/Time: Friday/12-2pm
Tutor's Name: Luis Parra Avila
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Hydraulic fracturing, likewise commonly known as " fracking”, is a method frequently used nowadays to extract natural gas. The process starts off when a stainlesss steel pipe casing is inserted into the drilled well lose interest. Tiny holes are created in the water line in order to area fracturing substance flow into the zones that have oil or perhaps gas. Eventually, these zones will bone fracture due to the pressure from the overflowing fluid. After the fractures will be formed, the fluid halts and moves back to the area. Remnants coming from fluid such as sand happen to be then left out, holding wide open the bone injuries. Another way to kind these bone injuries is to utilize gases including nitrogen. Acidizing sometimes occur while fracturing where hydrochloric acid can be pumped inside to reduce the effects of unwanted materials in order for a better well circulation. (Mooney 2011) There has been an alarming volume of problems and impacts caused by hydraulic fracking throughout the years since its implementation. The process needs vast amounts normal water, sand and harmful chemical compounds which results in a large number of issues particularly water toxic contamination and smog. For example , drinking water supplies will be being depleted and travel trucks happen to be contributing to even more air pollution. Mining for sand also eats water and pollutes mid-air from the exhausts. Last but not least, a great deal of chemicals are being used which are damaging to humans and wildlife. Almost all it takes is really a very small quantity of some chemicals to contaminate this particular used and it must be discarded as unsafe waste. (Kovats et approach. 2014) (Smith 2012) (Fears 2014) These types of impacts are simply the tip of the iceberg, the aftermaths that leaves behind is a lot worse. Toxic contamination of normal water and smog are the major concerns, not forgetting that waste disposal also presents a challenge. Smog occurs when gases are leaked during the process which...
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Fears, D. 2014, Fracking may threaten air quality, workers ' health, newest report says, Washington, Deb. C.
Howarth, R. W., Ingraffea, A. & Engelder, T. 2011, " Should certainly fracking end? ", Nature, vol. 477, no . 7364, pp. 271-275.
Kovats, S., Depledge, Meters., Haines, A., Fleming, T. E., Wilkinson, P., Shonkoff, S. W. & Scovronick, N. 2014, " The health implications of fracking", The Lancet, vol. 383, number 9919, pp. 757-8.
Mooney, C 2011, ‘The real truth about Fracking', Scientific American, vol. 305, no . a few, pp. 80-85.
REPORT: Five Major Well being Threats from Fracking-Related Air flow Pollution 2014,, Wa, D. C.
Smith, S i9000. 2012, Fracking 's air quality impacts may well pose wellness risk, research finds, SNL Financial LC, Charlottesville.